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Basil is a flowering plant of the family Lamiaceae, annual and perennial herbs and shrubs. At the Basilica of the results are in the form of smooth nuts. It grows usually in different Asian countries with a tropical climate. Many centuries ago, even Basil was considered a sacred herb, and its use — the key to prosperity.
At the Basilica there are approximately 70 varieties, of which the most common one of his kind — of ordinary Basil (or Basil scented). In different countries are grown other varieties of Basil. So, the Mexicans prefer the cinnamon variety, Thai — anise, Americans — lime Africans — camphor with blue sheets, and the South-Eastern part of Asia lemon. Rarely grown opal Basil, which has beautiful appearance but not too pronounced flavor.
Basil is one of the most common and classic aromates. It is used usually in cooking, both separately and in combination with other spices and herbs. Often Basil and simply decorated dishes.
The taste of Basil is almost nonexistent, therefore it is valued for its unique smell. At the same time, it (smell) does not withstand heat treatment, so add Basil before cooking, the hot product is impossible.
Very common adding Basil to the sauce — this method is used all over the world, including national prescriptions. Caucasians love to add Basil to the meat, and do it almost constantly. He is also a component of various vegetable dishes. From the Basilica you can even brew tea.
Basil is valued not only as an aromatic spice, but also as a healing component. Part of the Basilica is composed of phyto-nutrients. The leaves and seeds of Basil have chemical compounds that can protect people from various diseases and infections.
Flavonoids and polyphenols, two components of the Basilica are perfectly opposed to the lesions of the body with radiation. A few essential oils that are included in Basil have anti-inflammatory properties, so it is an important link in the treatment or prevention of a virus, fungus. Basil is also antibacterial and febrifuge.
In the Basilica there are the minerals, vitamins and nutrients that strengthen the immune system. The number of components of Basil has vitamin a, beta-carotene, rutin, carotene, vitamin e, macroelements, trace elements and proteins. Full of Basil and fiber. Basil even slows down the aging process, thanks to the connections, playing the role of protective mechanisms. Inflammation when using Basil begin to receive emails.
It is recommended to use the Basil for rheumatism and also for General strengthening of bones. It has a positive effect on the activity of the heart muscle, is involved in stabilizing blood pressure. With Basilica it is possible to increase your hemoglobin, because it has iron. Basil is recommended for use in diseases of the blood.
Typically, Basil is added to dishes chilled or in hot but ready to eat.
Basil "friends" with the sauces. It is one of the most important components of the famous pesto sauce. The French add the seasoning to the sauce made from olive oil, Basil and garlic. Combine this sauce with pasta, meat and vegetable dishes. Almost always they mix the Basil and tomatoes — the Duo classic.
In the Caucasus love Basil more than many other spices. It is present practically in most meat dishes, seeds are added to salads, drinks and soups. Also there is great respect for the vegetable dishes, especially the Basil with cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplant and sweet pepper.
This spices brewed beverage that is similar to tea but has a purple color.
Some Housewives even grow Basil at home, because its seeds unpretentious to environment and will give the roots even on the windowsill.
To use the Basil in large quantities is not recommended for people with epilepsy and heart disease. Pregnant women at the time you need to give up the spice.
Small quantities of Basil can be consumed in diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease and thrombophlebitis.
The mercury contained in the Basilica is not only negatively affect people suffering from the above diseases, but absolutely to any person, if he uses Basil for more than three weeks. This also applies to preparations made on the basis of the Basilica. Failure to observe the precautions man can get poisoned.
It is not recommended to use the Basil to children under 7 years of age. There is an individual intolerance.