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People began to eat pistachios in food since prehistoric times, and they had already cultivated. They are used in cooking and medicine over 2.5 thousand years. This product is especially revered in Persia, considering it a symbol of wealth. Today, pistachios are cultivated in Italy, Spain, Turkey, Greece, Iran, Syria, the United States and other countries. At this time, the leader in producing them is Iran, where the year is made more than 200 thousand tons of this product. The US produces about 180 thousand tons of pistachios. Turkey is the third largest producer of pistachios - a little more than 80 thousand tons per year. The harvest is collected in July and August. It should be noted that the pistachio nut is called only in cooking, in terms of botany is the seed. Composition pistachios Pistachio contain 50-80% fatty oils, consisting of 80% of the unsaturated acid, 5% protein, 4% sucrose, and cellulose, organic acids, higher fatty acids, tocopherols, anthocyanins. Also in pistachios it contains large amounts of natural antioxidants - vitamin E, known for its ability to rejuvenate the body.
Rich in vitamins and pistachio group B, especially vitamin B6. Ten of pistachios per day provides a person a quarter of the daily requirement of this element. Phenolic compounds found in pistachios, helps maintain the health and youthfulness of the body, protecting the cell walls from the damaging effects of free radicals. They also contribute to the renewal and growth of cells. It should also be noted that most known pistachio rational combination number of amino acids, vitamins, minerals and calorie content. These nuts contain manganese, copper, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. The composition of pistachios include substances such as zeaxanthin and lutein, help preserve vision and strengthens the teeth, bones and the skeleton in general. Pistachios are almost the only nuts that contain data carotenoids. An important element contained in pistachios, is the fiber. In 30 pistachios contain the amount of fiber equal to the entire portion of oatmeal. In addition, pistachios contain phytosterol, promotes excretion of "harmful" cholesterol. Useful properties of pistachios Pistachios are very tasty and nutritious, they can be eaten fresh or toasted form, as well as salt. Pistachios are used for the manufacture of certain types of cheese, sausage and in the confectionery industry. Of cores extracted valuable oil, used in the confectionery business and in cooking. Most of the benefits of pistachios is that their processing technology does not allow any outside interference, respectively, this product is environmentally friendly and is suitable even for therapeutic feeding. An exception can be called unless the salted pistachios, which are necessary before drying soaked in salt water. Benefits and harms of pistachio known to mankind for a long time, therefore, these nuts are widely used in folk medicine. Regular consumption of pistachios has beneficial effects on the liver, normaliziruya its operating functions and clearing blockages from the bile ducts. Several pistachios can help get rid of hepatic colic. Also, these nuts are recommended to be used as an additional therapeutic agent for jaundice and anemia.
Useful pistachios and people who have a predisposition to heart disease - this product helps to cope with heart palpitations, and strengthens blood vessels. Pistachios are useful in a variety of respiratory diseases and tuberculosis. Pistachio is recommended to have in case of poisoning as an antidote. This is due to their ability to precipitate heavy metals, glycosides and alkaloids. This product is recognized as a great aphrodisiac - it increases the vitality and motility, enhances male sexual function. Recommendations for the use of pistachios Pistachio, benefit and harm of which depends on the form in which they are used, it is best eaten fresh and raw. Very tasty, but less useful are roasted and salted pistachios. Also, pistachio kernel is very widely used in the production of confectionery products - they are added to candy, chocolate, Turkish delight, ice cream and other sweets, they decorate the cookies, cakes and pastries. Pistachio - an essential ingredient in some of the national dishes of Asia, including some of the best varieties of sausages. It is known that at the reception in honor of Nobel Prize laureates are treated exactly pistachios with champagne. Habit feast on this product and have a beer lovers. And real gourmets eat pistachios with cream cheese and strawberry. Harm pistachios and contraindications to use for people with allergies should certainly consult a doctor about the introduction of pistachios in your diet, as this product is considered a very strong allergen. In order to avoid complications such as sneezing, rashes, digestive function disorders, pistachios to be treated with caution. In children with allergies, pistachios can even cause anaphylactic shock. Heavily salted pistachios can be harmful as salt tends to raise blood pressure. Excessive consumption of this product can cause nausea and dizziness. It is also not recommended to use pistachio people who installed orthodontic appliances, corrective dentoalveolar anomalies. In other cases, the harm from consumption of pistachios is not revealed. Pistachios are fairly low-calorie - 100 grams of the product contains about 550 calories. Therefore, this product is considered a dietary and it is possible to use even for people who should follow a special diet. It must be remembered that the daily dose of pistachios consumption is between 10 and 15 cores. Such a quantity of the product will provide the body a sufficient amount of fiber, vitamins and minerals.