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Mangosteen (or mangosteen) — tree family Clusive which is the fruit of the same name. The fruit of the tree, the fruit appear on the trees rather late — about 9 to 20 years after the beginning of the life of the tree. Mangosteen grows in many countries, such as Thailand, Africa (regions with tropical climate), the Philippines, India, etc., but his birthplace is South-East Asia.
In Asia, like mangosteen so much that they gave him Royal status. In Europe, the mangosteen is popular not as it juice.
The fruit of the tree, the fruits are quite unusual, even exotic appearance, and have equally interesting and exquisite taste. By itself, the fruit has a round shape, covered with smooth and thick skin, and the color purple in various shades. Under the skin is white pulp, which is divided into segments. In each of the lobules there are small seeds. Flavor of pulp sweet, with slight acidity, it also has a pleasant aroma. The taste of mangosteen can be compared with the peach or strawberry.
Wild mangosteen is not found. It is believed that it was the result of crossing two related species. The best mangosteen is large and dense, but when you have to "bounce". Too hard, cracked skin mangostin are overripe. Stored mangosteen not long — 1-2 weeks in the refrigerator.
This fruit contains various vitamins, macro— and micronutrients that are important for all people without exception. This primarily vitamins E and C, potassium, calcium, sodium, zinc, Riboflavin etc.
It also contains a natural chemical xanthones, which have the following properties: protection of the immune system, aid in mental activities, maintaining microbalance, assistance in adaptation of the organism to the external environment. That is why the fruit juice is very popular in America. It is recommended at high pressure, arthritis, kidney stones, eye diseases, atherosclerosis and Alzheimer's disease. He's good as a method of prevention of cancer. Also, this drink relieves fatigue and reduces appetite, helps to burn fat, is useful if you have allergies, depression, diarrhea, neuralgia recorded. Regular consumption of the juice slows down the running processes of aging.
In Asia it is used in folk medicine. This helps the rind of the fruit, which at first prepare: dried and milled. So it has astringent properties, it can treat dysentery and fever. From the rind can do and pasta, which are effective against eczema and other various skin diseases. From the leaves and bark of the plant to make a decoction which helps with diarrhea and various diseases of urological character, as well as in dysentery, is antipyretic.
Mangosteen is widely used in cooking. This is used as a whole fruit and its juice. Mangosteen is good for preparing fruit or spicy salads, sauces, curry, milkshakes, soufflé.
Asians love and the seeds of this fruit. They are roasted or boiled, then eaten.
For medical purposes mangosteen is used for diseases that were described just above. The ideal choice will be the use of mangosteen juice.
The fruit is considered very healthy and tasty, and recommended for use by almost everyone. However, one should not forget that there is an individual intolerance of its components. So the first time to try mangosteen should be cautious.