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Leek — a plant of the family onion. Also called pearl onions. The place where he first started to grow, is considered southwest Asia. From this region it spread to the Mediterranean. There you can meet wild variety called "onion grape." As a cultural form, this bow appeared a long time ago: in Ancient Egypt it was used actively cooking and considered one of the most important vegetable plants. He also was popular in Rome and Greece in ancient times. Later it spread to all of Europe.
Today this onion is grown almost everywhere. In addition to the European leeks are very much in the Mediterranean countries, North America. In Russia, this onion grows wherever there is agriculture, growing vegetables and herbs for sale.
Flowering leek in the first two months of summer and the fruits ripen in late summer-early September. The leek differs in that it is able to survive the cold, but very demanding to moisture. In Russia at the moment there are 18 varieties of leeks.
This bow is like for the lack of sharp aroma and taste. For culinary purposes, green stems with white bulbous thickening that is at the bottom. Among all varieties of most popular 3 varieties: late-maturing Bulgarian, mercury and Cartan.
For their healing qualities of the leek is used in folk medicine.
That leek useful to humans, people have learned more during the middle ages. Subsequently, this bow has been studied by specialists, and its medicinal properties been confirmed.
In the stems and leaves of this plant a lot of useful minerals, including potassium, sulfur, iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus. They are active participants in the biochemical processor in the human body and the structural units of cells. For example, iron is important to reduce the level of hemoglobin, potassium regulates heart function, and salts that are in onions, have a mild diuretic effect. Also leeks are present in fiber and proteins of plant origin.
In addition, onions contain vitamins a, PP, C, group B. it is Important to know that if you store onions for some time, he not only loses these vitamins, but the amount of vitamin C in white part of onion increases to 1.5 times.
Leeks are very useful in urolithiasis, gout, scurvy, rheumatism, atherosclerosis. Sufficient dose of onions improves the health and restores physical and mental strength.
This bow helps to normalize metabolic processes, increase the activity of the digestive organs. In this regard, the leek is particularly relevant in poor and sluggish appetite. Choleretic properties provide improvement in congestive processes of the liver and other disruptions.
People who are overweight are recommended to include in your diet leek, because it not only has a low calorie (40 kcal / 100 g), but also contributes to the acceleration of metabolism.
Because onions contains folic acid, it is recommended for use in pregnant women — this acid protects the fetus from various pathologies. Women it is useful in cystitis. Substances that are contained in leek, kill urinary tract infections and improving performance of the system.
Oddly enough, but the leek is effective for cancer, such as prostate cancer, bowel or ovaries. Substances contained in onions, slows tumor development in these organs.
With reduced vision leek can also help. In the composition of Luke there are substances that contribute to the restoration and preservation of vision.
Like onions (and any other) onion, leek used as a seasoning for various dishes. It goes well with salads, meat and fish dishes, soups, scrambled eggs, and cheese.
It is most often consumed fresh, pre-washed with water. It is sometimes canned. In order to store onions for the winter, it can be dry. It is noteworthy that with the treatment it does not lose its beneficial properties. It can even freeze (for example, in combination with different vegetables) and it will still be useful. Store onions in a cool place up to 5 months — it all stems will remain fresh and vitaminiziruet.
In fresh form it is used for colds and infectious diseases (SARS, cough, sore throat, runny nose). Volatile this bow useful for more serious diseases (tuberculosis, dysentery, viruses, staphylococci and streptococci).
Because onion has a property of active stimulation of the digestive glands, it can provoke exacerbation of various diseases: gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, gastroduodenitis. People with these diseases, you should monitor the amount of onion used.