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Bamboo is an evergreen plant of family of grasses. His family consists of 130 species that grow in wet tropical or subtropical climate. It is considered the tallest grass growing on the planet. The second achievement of bamboo is the growth rate — in the beginning, it grows very quickly, then a little slowing down. Record speed of growth reaches 1, 2 meters per day. Bamboo blooms 4 times a century, sometimes once a century.
Relatives bamboo are corn, wheat, rye and other cereal plants.
Bamboo looks like a very high stem, much branched at the top. Its height can reach 38 meters, and the stem circumference can reach 25 centimeters. After flowering, the bamboo gives the fruit, after which he dies either fully or partially, namely, the above-ground part. The root in this case remains alive.
Bamboo is used in construction, for example, to create troughs or wind tubes. Another use he has found in cooking.
The bamboo contains silicon acid which is an excellent tool for the care of the skin, making it smooth and heals wounds, inflammation. Also this acid strengthens hair and nails. In addition to cosmetic effects, silicic acid helps to calm and improves the emotional background in melancholic and depressive States. Penicillata, flavones, lactone, antioxidants, fiber, protein — all this is part of the bamboo. Due to this, bamboo is tonic, diuretic, stimulant, expectorant. It has a positive effect on the heart, especially when there is any disease of this nature. Bamboo helps in the absence of critical days, with muscle spasms, common diseases of the chest and fatigue. The common cold and SARS bamboo has anti-inflammatory and strengthens the entire body action.
Positive dynamics is marked by the use of bamboo during diarrhea, ulcers and disorders of the digestive tract.
We can say that bamboo is useful from the roots to the tips, because all its elements with something useful. The roots have a tonic effect, the leaves are expectorant and antipyretic effect, the juice is very effective in epilepsy and apoplexy.
Elixir of bamboo, made by Chinese recipe, contains a lot of nutrients, and strengthens blood vessels, improves their elasticity and tone. It actively affects the process of blood supply to the tissues and makes the capillaries stronger.
Bamboo is used even in the manufacture of underwear and bed linen, as well as in the manufacture of furniture.
For culinary purposes are used exclusively shoots. To do this, choose the sprouts of no more than 40 centimeters tall. They look similar to corn cob. In different countries of the world bamboo cook. There can be fresh, canned and boiled, separating the pre-sheath.
The bamboo pulp has a slightly sweet taste and pleasant crunch. It is suitable for roasted/braised dishes, salads and soups. Together with the collected bamboo shoots fried various meats. It can be part of a side dish of vegetables. With bamboo you can simmer the mushrooms or cabbage.
A good combination is to add bamboo to the products of the sea. Salads, which combines bamboo, different — vegetable, with the addition of legumes or seafood. Maybe add it to a salad consisting of fruits. The Japanese love to add this plant to sushi, chicken and rice. In Vietnamese cuisine it marinate, and then add in a side dish or salad.
But from the adult plants, you can build bridges, houses and to create small items such as baskets, hats, curtains.
Even the very useful plants has a negative side. Bamboo, namely its shoots contain cyanogenic glycoside — a poisonous substance. To kill it by heat treatment.