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Capers represent the buds of the plant "blue-brand". This is one of the essential ingredients of the Mediterranean region, and in everyday life he went a long time ago – two thousand years ago.
There is an opinion that the name came from the island of Cyprus, but rather from the Greek version of the sound of this word is kipros, because there are number of areas of growth of this shrub are the most large. However, some types of napernikov(great variety) grows in the Crimea and the Caucasus. Due to the conditions in which the plant grows, it has great endurance, able to withstand high temperature, nothing will happen if you get water spray, in addition, the caper plant grows even rocks. The plant is absolutely not demanding, blooms all summer, giving the flower nectar of various insects and berries for the birds.
The first mention of the caper plant, and directly, the caper was made in the year 2700 BC. Since time immemorial the buds of capers were used as spicy seasoning, and added to various dishes in addition, capers was also a healing ingredient, it produced various concoctions.
Parties use capers a lot. First of all, it will definitely use as a spicy condiment. In the Mediterranean, to present the dish without this ingredient because it is added actually in all – in pizzas, in sauces, in pasta, and so incidentally, when Olivier created his famous eponymous salad, a mandatory part of it was capers. But we have capers, as a rule, are replaced with pickles. In the Soviet Union to get this ingredient was not so easy, now it is, of course, lost in "Mystery", because it can be bought in any store.
Actively used capers in medicine, as medicine. They have made a huge amount of decoction for the treatment of various ailments. This can be attributed to heal the property of capers, strengthens heart, analgesic property. The caper berries were used to treat toothache. The bark of the plant has been used for the treatment of various neuroses, and oil served massage. As can be seen from the above, each element of the plant "blue-brand" for the purpose intended. Perhaps the skeptic will say that the properties of the caper plant as medicine is exaggerated, one modern medicine confirms the fact that part of the Bush fresh do have astringent, healing, antiseptic, and pain relievers. In addition, the caper was used as a means to increase appetite, had only to eat a handful before meals.
The use of buds lies in the nutritional value, because they are full of various vitamins(particularly prevalent vitamin C), fiber, organic acids. Capers are also rich in vegetable protein and iodine.
In addition, in Ancient Greece, capers were used as an aphrodisiac and remedy for flatulence. And I must say, used very successfully, in this respect, the buds really enjoyed success.
It is worth considering that heat treatment is absolutely NOT adversely affect all beneficial properties of capers.
As for harm to caper, to say there is almost nothing... Almost. As already mentioned, the capers and used as remedy against flatulence, however, there is one subtle point. In small amounts the buds really get rid of bloating, but large amounts can trigger it, not just flatulence, and heartburn. Therefore, we should be careful, and remember the rule – good gradually.