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Cumin is a herbaceous plant of the family Umbelliferae. Resembles thyme ,with the result that these two plants are sometimes confused. Leaves cumin, lower dissected into linear part, the flowers are red or white, have bracteoles and wraps, fruit visioplaine the small seeds in comparison with caraway bigger and brighter.
Homeland cumin — Central Asia, in India it is considered a vegetable plant, which grows the General population. In Europe, cumin is not very popular but is starting to gain momentum in connection with the emerging interest in Oriental cuisine
The aroma of cumin is quite sharp and strong, but pleasant. There are 4 varieties of cumin, among which the most secrete Germanskoy (black, with a pungent odor) and Persian (yellowish, with a pleasant aroma).
Cumin is used in cooking and in medicine.
In the East, this spice is especially revered for its numerous beneficial properties. It prevent the occurrence of blood clots, heart attack and stroke as it has the ability to thin the blood and make it less viscous. It also helps to improve appetite, participates in the normalization process of digestion and helps to digest heavy fatty and fried food. Zira is quite useful for intestinal colic, flatulence and dyspepsia. If you eat this spice regularly, you can improve eyesight and brain activity.
In General, about the healing properties of cumin people knew in the middle Ages. Then it was used, if a nursing mother had little breast milk, and also to prevent inflammation of the genital tract. In addition, a decoction of cumin prevented the occurrence of intestinal colic in children, if he drank nursing mother.
Today, cumin is often a component of slimming teas. For her taste of people feel satiety and consumes a smaller portion. In addition, it is antiseptic: it helps to get rid of pain, for external use — tumors, pimples and other lesions.
The spice helps to eliminate toxins from the body and also food that could not digest the body. Tea from the seeds helps to get rid of vomiting, nausea, bloating. Cumin helps to improve kidney functions. If you make a thick drink (2 tsp per Cup of water), it will be a mild diuretic and laxative.
For a bright aroma and the specific bitter taste, heavy with nuts, cumin is a popular spice in the culinary field. Seeds can remain intact, as they can and pound. Most of all, it goes well with meat dishes. In the East, cumin is an essential component of corporate pilaf. It also is added to many vegetable dishes. Marinades for meat also cannot do without this spice, and the barbecue gets an unusual taste and smell. In India, the spice is added to sauces such as curry and chili.
It is used to improve the flavor of bakery and confectionery products, and dairy products. Dishes that have been added this spice, get the spicy and full of flavor. Amino to enrich, for example, pork, fish, soup, salads, vegetables, season her with salt, pickled cucumbers, sauerkraut, mushrooms, tomatoes.
This product has found application even in the perfume industry, and it is a mild aphrodisiac.
In moderate doses Zira safe for most people, but it cannot be used when:
gastritis, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer;
appear heartburn, which is a consequence of the use of any sharp or spicy foods.
It is important to know that its caloric value is 375 calories, so in high doses Zira is contraindicated for people who have diagnosed obesity.