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Melothria — vine kind melothria. It belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae. According to various versions of the homeland of this plant is different, but it is believed that she is in North America and Africa. Outwardly, it resembles a vine, and has several names, it's an African cucumber, mouse melon, etc.
The plant itself is often used as a decorative element in gardens, but the fruits are used in cooking. The fruits are quite small, and coloring, and shaped like a watermelon, only reduced in several times. Their length is not more than 4 cm For the same taste melothria reminiscent of cucumber, it has a pretty interesting taste: in addition to the cucumber here it is possible to distinguish and melon, and also has a slight acidity.
This vegetable is considered a delicacy in our country and in our cities it is grown very rarely. However, by itself, this plant is pretty undemanding and it can be easy to grow in almost any area
The fruits of this plant contain a sufficient amount of fiber, therefore it is recommended that constant use. It not only positively affects the cardiovascular system and to fight the development of cancer, but also helps rid your body of excess bile and cholesterol.
Itself fiber also helps to maintain weight at a certain figure, because it can quickly saturate the body and to prevent a person to overeat. In addition, it helps remove toxins and "bad" cholesterol. Well, since the caloric content of the cucumber is low, then it can be used as a dietary vegetable. 100 g melothria contains only 15 kcal.
Quite effective to arrange fasting days, using food melothria. Because they taste identical to regular cucumbers, they could be used for the preparation of summer salads that are loved by many people. By the way, to cleanse the bowel and do not give weight to grow enough razgruzochnih 1-2 days a week. Simple salad recipe: melothria with tomatoes and/or red pepper. To fill this salad can be a yogurt (low fat or skim) or lemon juice.
It is known that melothria helps to rid the body of excess fluid, promoting its excretion from the body. And this is another advantage of fasting days, because in this way it is possible to withdraw the water, which in large quantities must be used when unloading. Not less effective is the property of and for those people who have the tendency to edema. It is noteworthy that if you use the product regularly, it is possible to normalize blood pressure.
Recommended melothria people with a tendency to constipation, arrhythmia and thyroid disease.
As has been said, melothria used in cooking sometimes as a substitute for the cucumber, and sometimes as a separate vegetable. Also, if desired, it can be used as a standalone product. Because of its cute appearance melothria can be used as decoration of various dishes.
The fruit of this plant is perfectly combined with vegetable, meat and fish products, exactly like an ordinary cucumber. In addition, that they can be consumed raw, they still pickled, and salted, obtaining delicious preparations for the winter.
Those who melothria grow in my garden (or the garden), the food can eat not only the fruit but the tubers. They taste slightly reminiscent of sweet potatoes.
If a man has hyperacidity of gastric juice, ulcer or gastritis, this product is not recommended for use in fresh form, it is better to give preference to pickled or salted melothria.
For people who do not have such problems, it is recommended to use fresh fruit while they are young, but Mature to handle. But processed foods is better not to use those who have gastrointestinal disease, heart and blood vessels, liver, hypertension or atherosclerosis.
During pregnancy treated (salted/pickled) products to use is also not recommended.
Boletus is a tubular mushroom family Baletowa. In fact, these mushrooms are saying name — that's what they are called due to the fact that their hat is slippery and oily. To distinguish these mushrooms from the rest can be very simple: the skin is the cap and ring can be very easy to remove. The color of the skin may be different. By itself, the cap is convex and sometimes flat.
The locus of these fungi — conifer forests. The mushrooms are common in many countries, and there are about 40 varieties, not all of which grow in our country.
Most often we can find four types of oil: this is an ordinary, grainy, larch and about. Appearance of different grades of oil also varies among themselves. They may vary the color of the cap and the color of the legs. The flesh when cut in these classes is painted in different colors. The habitat of these varieties are also often different.
If you compare the price with other devices taste, then related this quality can be called white mushrooms. The mushrooms always grow in large groups, and the time of collection, usually between may to October.
Edible mushrooms, in principle, is never useless. And bright representatives of what mushrooms are just mushrooms. They have not only pleasant taste, but have various useful and even healing properties. Long been known that consumption of oil facilitates such a serious disease as gout. It is also noticed that the headache goes away, if that's the time to eat at least a little butter.
The amount of nutrients and minerals in boletus is almost same as in many other edible mushrooms. The truth here is the white mushroom they could not be beat. Fresh boletus amount of protein roughly 4%, while dried boletus the number is increasing. That's why, when it is important to eat as much protein, broth butter is almost indispensable: in its content of this substance, he even surpasses the broth which is usually used for this purpose.
Because of several types of oil, the calorie content of these mushrooms may be different; also this factor affects the age of the mushroom. So fresh calorie content can be anywhere from 9 to 20 calories. Of course, when cooking, for example when roasting or marinating, the number of calories in several times increases.
Marzipan — a mixture of two products: almonds, ground to flour, and sugar syrup (may be used instead, and powdered sugar). It is also possible to use other nuts for making marzipan.
Information about where and when the marzipan is not. It is assumed that it was first produced in one of the countries of Europe: Hungary, France and Estonia. For Norway, Germany and the Netherlands this product is traditional for Christmas.
Apply the marzipan to the confectionary. In Russia, quite popular rolls, in which there is a marzipan made of peanuts. In order to prepare this product, you must use three ingredients: sweet and bitter almonds (which, however, easily replaced by any other nuts) and sugar (or substitute — powdered sugar, sweetener or syrup). This recipe is not strict, instead of bitter almonds may be added or almond liqueur or oil this kind of almonds. Or bitter almonds can be added in principle.
Is the mass that is prevalent today and which is widely used in the manufacture of pastries and cakes, different from the original taste of marzipan. Sometimes, you can see third-party ingredients, added to the marzipan. A different flavors to give the corresponding odor, eggs, dyes, both artificial and natural.
In addition, this delicacy can be cooked different ways. Most commonly used cold method on the egg (all ingredients are blended and mixed, and the sugar is replaced with powdered), cold method, but without the eggs and hot method, where instead of sugar (or powder) is used syrup.
All in all, today there are at least 500 species of marzipan. For example, in the German city of lübeck for the manufacture of this delicacy is an ancient recipe that is stored in the strict secret.
Mangosteen (or mangosteen) — tree family Clusive which is the fruit of the same name. The fruit of the tree, the fruit appear on the trees rather late — about 9 to 20 years after the beginning of the life of the tree. Mangosteen grows in many countries, such as Thailand, Africa (regions with tropical climate), the Philippines, India, etc., but his birthplace is South-East Asia.
In Asia, like mangosteen so much that they gave him Royal status. In Europe, the mangosteen is popular not as it juice.
The fruit of the tree, the fruits are quite unusual, even exotic appearance, and have equally interesting and exquisite taste. By itself, the fruit has a round shape, covered with smooth and thick skin, and the color purple in various shades. Under the skin is white pulp, which is divided into segments. In each of the lobules there are small seeds. Flavor of pulp sweet, with slight acidity, it also has a pleasant aroma. The taste of mangosteen can be compared with the peach or strawberry.
Wild mangosteen is not found. It is believed that it was the result of crossing two related species. The best mangosteen is large and dense, but when you have to "bounce". Too hard, cracked skin mangostin are overripe. Stored mangosteen not long — 1-2 weeks in the refrigerator.
This fruit contains various vitamins, macro— and micronutrients that are important for all people without exception. This primarily vitamins E and C, potassium, calcium, sodium, zinc, Riboflavin etc.
It also contains a natural chemical xanthones, which have the following properties: protection of the immune system, aid in mental activities, maintaining microbalance, assistance in adaptation of the organism to the external environment. That is why the fruit juice is very popular in America. It is recommended at high pressure, arthritis, kidney stones, eye diseases, atherosclerosis and Alzheimer's disease. He's good as a method of prevention of cancer. Also, this drink relieves fatigue and reduces appetite, helps to burn fat, is useful if you have allergies, depression, diarrhea, neuralgia recorded. Regular consumption of the juice slows down the running processes of aging.