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One of the first trees, which began to cultivate people - quince. It came to Europe from Asia for several millennia before our era, and with it came and legends about him. Travelers told about the miraculous tree-shrub with delicious and juicy fruits of the sun colors that ripen in late autumn - about quince. What is this fruit? Quince - this is the common name of the tree and fruit. It is a small tree, it rarely grows to 5 meters in height. Sometimes it is a shrub with multiple stems. Its yellow fruit a bit like a pear or an apple, quince and some of the benefits and harms described by many botanists and dietitians. Now it is grown around the world. It is, on all continents except Antarctica, is found in virtually all climatic zones. You will find it in the Carpathians, the Crimea and the Caucasus, all over Europe and America, the Pacific Islands and Australia. Her lot in her homeland in Asia.
Find it in the mountains can be at an altitude of 1500 meters. Not only it survives in very harsh winters. It grows slowly propagated through cuttings, root shoots. From planted the seeds grow wildings. Lives plant 70-80 years.
The most common varieties of quince - apple-they ripen sooner, and pear-shaped - its fruits more juicy and sweet. There are also ornamental quince, marble, pyramid ... There are early ripening varieties and those that ripen at almost winter. All sorts of about five hundred, but in Europe cultivated a little more than 40. There are also non-edible species, but we do not grow. For gardeners especially popular in our region can be regarded as Aurora, Muscat, Anzheronskaya, Crimean Early, Otlichnitsa, large-fruited. All these varieties are very juicy, sweet, good lie. They differ mainly in size and taste. Harvested fruit is almost not affected by disease. Quince loves a loose fertile soil to be able to put down roots deep into the ground. It grows well on loam and sandstone. This is a very undemanding plant, cold-resistant and does not require frequent watering. The only thing it needs - time to prune branches. The taste and the size of even a single quince varieties depends on the soil on which it grows. If the soil is dry - fruits will be smaller and land, on loam - rich crop grows, but quince grow very solid and astringent taste, but will be more juicy. Some cultivated varieties of quince fruits grow up to two kilograms, and wildings they are small - about 100 grams, and only a few pieces in the tree. As quince fruit difficult to eat raw, even very ripe, because its flesh is very firm. It has lots of brown seeds, they are much more than apples, and the skin is soft and pleasant to the touch. Fruits quince covered with a light fuzz, when buying it is not necessary to wipe - the fluff protects against external damage quince helps it last longer maintained.
They have a lot of B vitamins, provitamin A, vitamin C and E. It is a good antioxidant, it is useful in anemia. It is also a good choleretic, he was appointed to excite the appetite. The fruits have a hemostatic property. Compote of quince is useful to drink in the postoperative period - it is a good refreshes and nourishes the body with useful substances. Juice quince, due to the large amount of fiber, effectively lowers cholesterol. Quince can be safely included in the diet for those who want to lose weight - quince calorie only 40 calories per 100 grams of product. Quince - a good antidepressant, helps to cope with stress and nervous strain. Regulates blood pressure, is an immunomodulator. Baked quince is a good antiemetic. A decoction of the pulp quince is easy sedative which does not cause addiction. Quince is useful to have during pregnancy - its useful properties beneficial to the development of the baby. The dried peel of quince added to tea - it is a good prevention of colds, bronchitis, and pneumonia at any time of the year. But pleurisy dishes from the cuisine of quince should refrain. The seeds, leaves and bark of quince seeds themselves are considered inedible because they contain amygdalin - a poisonous substance, which in large quantities can cause serious injury. In fairness, it should be noted, in order to feel the damage of seeds should eat half a cup once. A small amounts in the form of decoctions and infusions - of them can only be use. But in order not to risk unnecessarily, remove the seeds better, especially when it comes to baby food and for people with a weakened digestive system. They contain a lot of tannins and mucous substances, so that the dried seeds are used as a laxative, while gastrointestinal diseases. A decoction of the seeds give colds to relieve cough. Lotions help him with barley in his eyes. A decoction of the seeds perfectly nourishes the skin, it can be used as a means of cosmetology. Leaves Dried leaves can be added to tea, and a decoction of them helps to cope with the early gray hair. A decoction of the leaves helps to cope with asthma attacks, as well as fruit, leaves have anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect, the infusion of them is used by the pain associated with hemorrhoids. This is an effective bactericidal and enveloping means. In the leaves of quince contains vitamin C, A, E, PP. A large group of vitamin B, even such a rare occurrence, as B 17, which enhances the metabolism and has a strengthening effect on the entire cardiovascular system. Infusion of bark bark of a quince is very good for sweating of the feet and nail fungus. It heals cracked feet. Infusion of bark can be washed hair at an early gray hair.