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Lime citrus plant family Rutaceae. Apparently genetically the fruit of a plant similar to the fruit of the lemon tree. Homeland of the plant is India. Now lime has been increasing in most countries with a tropical climate.
This shrub or small tree, the height of which can be from one half to five meters. The fruit is small, from 3.5 to 6 inches in diameter. The rind is usually green may have a yellowish tint or completely yellow. Flesh and skin greenish.
Many are mistaken, considering that lime — lemon hybrid. While it is true in this case close: lemon is a hybrid of lime and etrog (also citrus fruit). For their similarity lime is called "green lemon". The flesh of this fruit, though juicy, but quite sour. However, among the many varieties you can find fruit with sweet pulp.
Like other citrus fruits, lime is most often used in cooking but has been successfully used in folk medicine and in aromatherapy.
Lime — a storehouse of nutrients, despite the fact that he is 88% water. It is present in almost all group b vitamins as well as vitamin A, C, E, and K. in addition, there are micro and macro elements as manganese, phosphorus, selenium, magnesium, zinc, potassium, iron, sodium, copper, calcium. The calorie content of lime is rather low — only 30 kcal per 100 g.
Any citrus fruit, by definition, useful to humans because it has a lot of ascorbic acid, which positively affects the blood vessels, reduces bad cholesterol, inhibits the development of atherosclerosis, the aging process of the skin and the whole organism. Lime is particularly useful, however, like many citrus, with colds and infectious diseases, as well as reduced immunity and vitamin deficiency.
Regular consumption of this fruit does not decay to develop and launch destructive processes, reduces bleeding gums, strengthening them. It is a good antidepressant, so it is recommended to use for nervous imbalance, as well as in winter as the prevention of seasonal depression and for General strengthening of the body due to lower consumption of vitamins.
You can mix the lime juice with the salt, the drink will give a laxative effect, so it can be drunk to prevent constipation. Also lime helps to cleanse the body of toxins. If you add it to meat dishes, especially indigestible varieties, lime will help to better digest these foods and improves the digestive tract.
Essential oil of lime is quite effective in aromatherapy, as it helps with colds and flu and can lift the mood.
As mentioned earlier, lime can be added to meat dishes, but not only to better digestion but also to enhance the flavor and aroma. Also you can add it to salads, especially where there are peaches, apples, apricots and pears.
Heat treatment has an adverse effect on the beneficial properties of lime. So, as a result, lost more than half of the vitamin C. Therefore, it is recommended to use only fresh.
They can decorate food and drinks (e.g., cold or cocktails) or add to flavor.
Many countries have their "signature" recipes for using lime. For example, in South and Central America, is preparing ceviche — a dish in which fish and seafood marinated in lime juice. In Iran, the fruit and the dried lime leaves and add in spices. And in India the fruit a whole salted or marinated.
Separately want to mention the use of lime juice. It is used to treat a variety of ailments and diseases in traditional medicine. Also it is added to tea (an alternative is to add slices of lime). In cosmetology this juice is used in the same way as lemon. He also has a bleaching, toning properties, helps to relieve redness and irritation, accelerates the healing of bruises and contusions and gives the skin a natural healthy color. Typically, the juice is obtained by squeezing the fruit through the juicer. It can be used as a component of multifruit juice. Of lime juice is prepared by many famous Mojito cocktail.
Lime should not be consumed if you have peptic ulcer, pancreatitis or gastritis. Citric acid, which in Lima is quite a lot, can only enhance the manifestation of these diseases.