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Passion fruit is a tropical plant of the family Strastotsveta. The fruit of this tree is called the same as the plant itself. The plant lives about 5-7 years, and during flowering encircles everything that is nearby. Therefore, it is referred to the genus of lianas.
Its home is the wild regions of South America with a subtropical climate. Today, passionflower (another name for passion fruit) is grown in many American, Australian, African countries, and also in New Zealand and Hawaii.
At the moment, there were more than 400 varieties of this plant. They differ from each other in color, shape, taste. In addition, some varieties are simply inedible.
This beautiful vine, like a grape, when it blooms, gives tasty fruits. This oval fruit size of a lemon, has a smooth surface and weigh on average 40 grams.
Among several hundred varieties, the main are only two. They are cultivated in many countries. This sort of yellow and purple fruits. The first variety produces larger fruits, and they can grow to large sizes, much like a grapefruit. And second grade, though has a little fruit but more sweet and flavorful. The fruits inside the bags, which is fleshy juice and has a lot of seeds, but seedless.
The calorie content of these fruits is so high — approximately 68 kcal.
Chemical composition of fruits of passion fruit is quite rich. Almost 80% of them consist of water, the remaining 20% are proteins, fats, carbohydrates and fiber. Fruits contain many vitamins. The leader among them is ascorbic acid, and vitamin PP. In addition to them, these fruits are other not less useful vitamins (A, E, H, K and some b vitamins).
It is also important that the fruits of the passion fruit quite a lot of minerals. Fruits contain sufficient amount of potassium, which positively affects the activity of the cardiovascular system. Often nutritionists recommend eating the fruit of the passion fruit to those patients who have liver disease, urinary system and cardiovascular system. They also have chlorine, calcium, magnesium, sodium, sulfur and phosphorus. They are also very important for the normal functioning of the body.
In these fruits there is iron and zinc, also there are copper, iodine, fluorine, manganese and other trace elements, but in small quantities.
Mango — the fruit, the fruit of the plant Mangifera indica family Anacardiaceae. The place where you first did this plant are the wet tropics of India. Mango is a national plant, but not only in India but also in Pakistan. Indian territory is considered a major producer of many varieties of this fruit because every year in this country is about fourteen million tons.
While the fruit is not ripe, it is green in color, and its composition is very much starch. Mature fruits have a fibrous structure, sweet taste, and their color can be red or yellow. The flesh is orange or yellow. Inside the fruit there is the bone, which is often difficult to separate from the pulp.
Mango is used not only in cooking but also in folk medicine and cosmetology. At the moment, scientists conducted various studies mango, and the first results can't be happy — judging by the figures, components mango can effectively fight cancer cells in the intestines and chest.
Mango — quite a healthy fruit, which can be a real boon for people with various illnesses and diseases. So, these fruit contain almost the entire spectrum of vitamins and nutrients, and ascorbic acid in them than in lemons. It is believed that eating one fruit in a day, you can protect your body from diabetes and to lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
In the ripe fruit has a high amount of beta-carotene, even more than carrots. A sufficient amount of this substance allows the body to synthesize vitamin a, which protects from colds, makes the night vision more acute, and normalizes the process of keratinization of the skin. In addition to beta-carotene in mango is vitamins, organic acids, micro and macro.
Due to the large amount of fluid and minerals in fruit pulp, mango can stimulate the kidneys and intestine. It helps to remove excess fluids and toxins, improve metabolism. Due to the high content of beta-carotene the fruit is and antioxidant.
Longan — tree of the family zapandoye. Reaches a height of 10-20 meters. Grows mainly in Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam and China. Cultivated for its edible fruit of the same name that grow in clusters. A related plant is the Chinese lychee.
The fruit of the trees of the whole summer, with one wood you can collect up to 200 kilos of fruit.
Size of fruit is small, about a walnut. The fruits are translucent white or pinkish, sweet and juicy flesh, very fragrant. Sometimes it can be sour. Fruit coat thin, inedible and has yellowish stained to a reddish color. In the middle of it is hard seed that can be dark red or black. The taste of the longan is reminiscent of musk. Is implemented as a and grapes bunches. Total sale is three of a kind, however, are grown many varieties of longan.
The fruits are used in cooking and in folk medicine.
In the fruit contains vitamins B1, B2, C, PP, minerals: iron, zinc, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, polysaccharides. Fruits have such actions as immunostimulatory, antioxidant and toning. While they are quite low in calories — only 60 kcal per 100 g.
Longan will be a great help in following ailments:
Lychee is a small, sour - sweet berries, the peel of which has korkoobraznymi structure. Lychee is the fruit of an evergreen tree, reaching a height of about thirty feet. The form of the lychee fruit is oval or round. The diameter of the ripe berries of about four inches. The surface is completely covered with acute tubercles. The berry is red. The taste resembles the taste of white grapes. Only the inner jelly-like edible part of the fruit. Berry has a single seed is oval in shape and brown color.
Lychee is a berry that consists of many useful substances. This vitamins, clean water, complex carbohydrates, proteins, dietary fibers, fats and sugar. All this together has a positive effect on the human body.
The amount of sugar in the berries litchi depends on the region in which grew a tree of the class.
Vitamins, which are rich in litchi belong to groups j, K,C,d, E. Minerals: magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium, sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine, iron, manganese, iodine, copper, fluorine and zinc. Vitamin C together with potassium has a curative effect on the cardiovascular system. Properties of lychee can reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood.
The lychee berry has a tonic effect on the human body, so it is a great natural aphrodisiac.
Real taste has a fresh lychee fruit, but frozen, canned and dried also has useful properties and also has a pleasant taste.
Lychee is useful in that it quenches thirst, regulates natural processes in the stomach and intestines, relieves constipation and helps to get rid of excess weight, so it is advised to include in the diet of people who suffer from diabetes, anemia, gastritis, ulcers, liver disease and problems with the pancreas.