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Sprat is the common name of fishes of the family clupeidae. Anchovies are called commercial fish of small size, living in flocks.
Usually the size of fish is 10 cm, rarely up to 17 cm they Weigh little, usually up to 50 grams. Anchovy feeds on plankton. The life span of sprat are small — 3-4 years.
It is noteworthy that before the British caught such a quantity of this fish to avoid spoilage of production used to fertilize fields.
This is a very popular food fish. It is produced in the largest seas such as the Baltic, Norwegian, North, Black and Mediterranean.
Sprat is divided into 2 species, sprat and sprat. Most famous are the following sprat: Arabic short antosovicka, ebrowska-eyed, the black sea sprat and Baltic sprat.
The color of this fish is silvery on the belly are scales with small spines. Fish sold as fresh and spicy salted, canned, smoked. If we sprat is one of the most common, cheap and available fish, in some Western countries it is the most that neither is a delicacy.
A large number of caught fish used to create fish meal.
In this small fish contains a lot of nutrients. Like other fish, anchovies are polyunsaturated fatty acids, and in large quantities. These acids prevent atherosclerosis and reduce the level of harmful cholesterol and triglycerides with low density. Accordingly, the most useful sprat people with cardiovascular disease.
The sprat also has a large amount of calcium, which is important to everyone the body many organs and systems, bone formation. Apart from calcium it is: cholesterol, ash, and vitamins B1, B2 and PP, zinc, fluorine, chlorine, Nickel, molybdenum, and magnesium.
Interestingly, the benefits of sardines is not only in its meat, and in the tail, the bones, backbone and scales. The amount of phosphorus and calcium quite a lot and at times exceeds their level in the meat.
This fish has vitamin D, which is important in this disease as osteoporosis, as well as during pregnancy, and of course, children.
Pilchards are often included in the diet of sick people and people who are in the process of recovery. It can be regarded as a dietary product, because apart from the easily digestible protein in the sprat only 135 calories. However, to achieve the desired effect of culinary treatment should be very gentle (for example, cooking fish for a couple).
Today, the anchovy is sold in stores in a variety of variations: the classic frozen fish, salted and pickled fish. If the last two species are considered to be prepared food that remained to unpack, the frozen fish can be processed as your heart desires. However, the ear of sardines is considered to be not the best option. However, you can pickle or marinate according to the recipe, to make it a sprat or just fry in a pan in vegetable oil. Often it is pre-rolled in flour. This fish can be perfectly combined with vegetables or mashed potatoes.
To prepare the anchovies quite easy and convenient, it has a low caloric content, and this is a plus for many Housewives. It should be noted that sprat is a specific smell which not everybody likes, so before treatment it is recommended to hold the fish in a salt-vinegar solution.
Sprat is a pretty harmless fish, so it can be safely eaten by all fish lovers. However, you should be careful when buying ready pilchards in stores. So, the canned in tomato sauce fish can be harmful to people with diseases of the digestive system. The fact that this fish is various additives such as vinegar, which can further irritate the already damaged intestine.