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To grow blueberries in agriculture began not so long ago – only in the XX century. A native of America, it spread quickly around the world and today is cultivated not only in the domestic but also industrial scale in almost all countries. Blueberries has more than 150 species around the world.
Blueberries are extremely useful, they have a large number of medicinal properties. So blueberry has found wide application not only in food industry but also has become popular in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases.
Blueberries – shrub plant that grows to 1-1,5 m in height. The leaves are oval, oblong-shaped eggs. The Bush blooms pink and white small flowers similar to bells. The fruits are round, small blue-black berries covered with a glaucous bloom, reaching 1-1. 5 cm in diameter. Externally blueberries like blueberries, so they are often confused.
Blooms and ripens the plant several times a season. A good shrub that period of his life – more than 90 years. This allows you to grow it at home, because to care for blueberries is not capricious. In the wild it can be found in rocky areas, forests, and even swamps.
Berries are very watery, they are easily damaged, so gather ripe berries pretty hard. Store the blueberries in birch bark boxes, sometimes wrapped in moss and spraying fish oil. At temperatures below -15 berries can be stored for a long time. Blueberry fruit contain a large amount of useful minerals and vitamins. The taste of the berries are not as sweet as blueberries, with a pleasant smell.
Blueberries have anti-inflammatory, antipyretic properties, improve the appetite. Tea from the berries and leaves of the plant helps at high temperature, fever and colds. Blueberries and broth and tea, can be consumed for preventive purposes: it strengthens the immune system, preventing viral disease.
Blueberries improves attention, so it's useful to give it to beginning students.
Berry strengthens the walls of capillaries and blood vessels. It is advised to take for anemia and heart diseases.
A decoction of the leaves of the blueberry has a laxative effect, helps with constipation and poisoning. Also useful in diseases of the bladder. It is useful to take a decoction of the vision problems.
A pint of pigeon juice enhances memory, prevents the development of sclerosis, if you drink it daily during Breakfast.
Fresh pureed berries help to get rid of cystitis, gastritis, enterocolitis, balance the acid-alkaline balance in the intestines.
Blueberries reduce the amount of sugar in the blood, so it is extremely useful in diabetes. Use blueberries increases hemoglobin in the blood.
In addition, blueberries contain substances that help with radiation exposure and radiation sickness, it is able to bind free radicals, preventing aging of the internal organs.
Blueberries used in the preparation of desserts, from her close jam, make candy, cook a compote. You can eat the berry raw. Blueberry make tinctures and wine.
Blueberries are used in the manufacture of certain types of kvass and milk shakes.
Because of the low calorie blueberry you can have people sitting on diets and struggling with obesity.
Blueberries can harm only if you do not monitor the amount eaten of the berries. Large quantities of berries can bring harm, to avoid this, eat blueberry need in small doses.
Blueberries contain substances-antioxidants. Therefore, blueberries can prevent the enrichment of the cells of the body with oxygen, if used in large quantities and at infringements in the internal processes of the body.
Large quantities of blueberries can cause headache, stomach upset and nausea.
Can cause allergies, so it is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.
Pectin, contained in blueberries, excrete trace elements strontium and cobalt, which have a beneficial effect on the vital processes in the human body.
When biliary dyskinesia, the use of the blueberry are strictly contraindicated, since the berries of the shrub can complicate the course of the disease.