You are here: Berries
To grow blueberries in agriculture began not so long ago – only in the XX century. A native of America, it spread quickly around the world and today is cultivated not only in the domestic but also industrial scale in almost all countries. Blueberries has more than 150 species around the world.
Blueberries are extremely useful, they have a large number of medicinal properties. So blueberry has found wide application not only in food industry but also has become popular in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases.
Blueberries – shrub plant that grows to 1-1,5 m in height. The leaves are oval, oblong-shaped eggs. The Bush blooms pink and white small flowers similar to bells. The fruits are round, small blue-black berries covered with a glaucous bloom, reaching 1-1. 5 cm in diameter. Externally blueberries like blueberries, so they are often confused.
Blooms and ripens the plant several times a season. A good shrub that period of his life – more than 90 years. This allows you to grow it at home, because to care for blueberries is not capricious. In the wild it can be found in rocky areas, forests, and even swamps.
Berries are very watery, they are easily damaged, so gather ripe berries pretty hard. Store the blueberries in birch bark boxes, sometimes wrapped in moss and spraying fish oil. At temperatures below -15 berries can be stored for a long time. Blueberry fruit contain a large amount of useful minerals and vitamins. The taste of the berries are not as sweet as blueberries, with a pleasant smell.
Kalina grows in temperate latitudes. It is an undemanding shrub that bears fruit in the summer. The taste sour and bitter. They are rarely eaten raw as a delicacy. But in folk medicine is widely used teas and tinctures of the berries. What it has miraculous properties Kalina?
Kalina is a storehouse of vitamin C. And it is known to be essential for strengthening the immune system and fight off viruses and colds. Also vitamin C helps in the fight against periodontitis and bleeding gums.
Kalina is replete with vitamins A, K, E, R, C, and iron, zinc and manganese. Also it is composed of tannic and resinous substances, pectin, saccharides and organic acids.
Kalina heals stomach ulcers, relieves colds, reduces blood pressure. And applying a paste of berries to problem areas of skin, can get rid of pimples and acne.
The Irga is considered to be a berry, but from the point of view of science its fruits – apples. Country where appreciated this shrub is Canada. The Saskatoon is grown there in all regions, and its lion's share goes on the production of wine.
The game is considered to be the shrub, the value of which is to harvest. But a flowering plant in the spring adorns the garden with its small white flowers. Keen gardeners planted the Irga and for decorative purposes.
Surprisingly, the Irga is not very common among gardeners. Perhaps this is due to the fact that not everyone knows how useful this berry.
For now just care. It is unpretentious, can withstand severe frosts. During flowering without consequences maintains temperature up to minus 7 degrees. Saskatoon grows on a variety of soils. The only thing required bushes of amelanchier sunshine.
Strawberry is a herbaceous plant of the Rose family. Appeared and began to grow strawberries in East Asia, where the spread on America and Eurasia. Plant height is approximately 15-20 cm Stem is straight, and has a coarsely toothed trifoliate leaves. The strawberry white flowers and berries, round or slightly elongated, have many seeds on the outside. Pick berries in the first two months of the summer in the morning or in the late afternoon time of day
Strawberry is used mainly in cooking, but is considered to be quite valuable berries in folk medicine. It has many vitamins and minerals that are struggling with various ailments. Besides berries are used in medicine and the leaves, as they possess several beneficial actions. To get the maximum use of their harvested during the flowering of strawberries, and then dried.
The intensity of the color of the berries depends on how much sunlight got berry: the one that was in the shade — light, yellow-green, and the one that grew under the sun — bright red. The smell of berries is quite tender and sweet. The chemical composition of berries varies and depends on where it grows, what kind of weather accompanies growth, where were collected a berry. So, berries, grown in a cool and generous summer rains, not very sweet, but more of ascorbic acid and juiciness. If strawberries grew on the contrary, in a dry and Sunny summer, they have more sweetness and flavor.
The berries contain many nutrients, is easily digestible sugars, organic acids (malic, quinic, citric, salicylic), vitamins, essential oils, carbohydrates, tannins, volatile. If you compare the strawberries in the amount of potassium and calcium, the levels of these substances exceed the level of their content in blueberries and raspberries, respectively. In addition, the berries contains a lot of iron, even more than in apples and plums.