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This inconspicuous to the primary view of vegetables - peas - carries a lot of useful properties and taste. The unique benefits of peas was known even to our distant ancestors. They used it as a staple food in numerous diseases. Peas in Chinese to this day is a symbol of nobility and wealth. But in France, the peas were permitted to eat only those that are close to the emperor. In Tibet - home of natural health - using a pea prepared various drugs, which had to be seriously ill people to eat, so the past expelled from your body disease and effectively promote blood renewal. So, peas - the benefits and harms of any nature can be applied to the body this vegetable? Composition Like many other plant foods, peas known for its rich nutrients and healing properties due to its chemical composition.
The main advantage of this vegetable is stored in the fact that he is a true treasure trove of easily digestible proteins, which promote a supportive work of the digestive tract. In addition, peas filled with useful carbohydrates and trace elements, dominant among which is given to magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, iodine and calcium. Among substances fortified peas is rich in vitamins, all subgroup B, as well as vitamin PP, and uniqueness S. vegetable in that its chemical composition in a sufficient amount for the products contained rare substance - lysine which is a natural cure heart and vascular diseases. Rich and peas on a substance as pyridoxine. It actively participates in the synthesis of amino acids useful. Pyridoxine in insufficient quantities for the body contributes to the appearance of dermatosis and various types of seizures. Selenium contained in peas, positive effect on the health of the whole body and helps cleanse all internal systems from the adverse effects of carcinogens and other harmful substances. Such useful peas calorie is small. In the green peas in an amount of 100 grams, there are about 248 calories. Useful properties of the summer season, you must not miss the opportunity to enjoy fresh green peas, but also during the rest of the year you can eat peas other varieties, thus enriching the body with useful components, and, at the same time, giving him a preventive effect. Peas is known for the following curative properties: Due to nicotinic acid, vegetable helps to normalize the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood. It is proved that only 1 handful of useful vegetable intake provides the daily requirement of niacin. Pea is energetically valuable product, it is particularly recommended in the diet of the athletes, as maintains muscle tone and helps to gain muscle mass.
Useful vegetable is a preventive product against the development of asthma. Moreover, in asthmatics, he must be present in the diet, as effectively prevents the development of complications of asthmatic attacks. If you regularly eat the bean product, significantly reduced the risk of developing atherosclerosis. Moreover, it is proved that the peas and has preventive properties against cancer occurrence. Vegetable shown to eat at various kinds of cardiovascular diseases, particularly advantageous use of pea affects the condition of the heart muscle, it helps to eliminate the arrhythmia. Medicine proved that in peas hidden antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, it is prescribed to patients with tuberculosis, as a product, efficiently eliminates bacteria. Since the peas contain sufficient digestible proteins, it is particularly recommended in the diet and as a product that promotes weight loss. Some nutritionists prescribe their patients receive the pea in the fight against obesity. The benefits of peas is in the fact that the product promotes skin rejuvenation. If you regularly include bean products on the menu, the skin becomes supple, radiant and youthful. Useful peas and deviations in the urogenital system. Firstly, it has a therapeutic effect in prostatitis. It is proved that the consumption of this vegetable is beneficial to increase sex drive in humans. Traditional medicine recommends the use of fresh green peas with heartburn. To do this, a few peas crush, chew and swallow. Indispensable vegetable in the treatment of superficial wounds, burns and abrasions. For the preparation of a therapeutic drug is mixed crushed peas and fresh egg. The most famous, perhaps, the medicinal properties of legume enclosed in eliminating constipation.
Peas are a genus of herbaceous plants belonging to the legume family. The plant is creeping and climbing, has antennae, pink-white flowers and pod-shaped fruits, in which there are edible seeds. There are a considerable number of varieties of this crop, but the most common is the pea.
1. Improves the condition of the heart. Peas are an excellent source of fiber, lutein and lycopene, which contribute to the normalization of the functioning of the heart. Lycopene is a mineral that supports cell health and protects them from disease. Compounds in peas stabilize cholesterol in the body, while lowering LDL cholesterol and accelerating the production of HDL cholesterol. Too much LDL can lead to the formation of plaques on the walls of arteries that interfere with the normal functioning of the heart.
2. Regulates blood sugar. Since peas are rich in fiber and protein, they are able to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Regular pea intake helps stabilize sugar levels.
3. Good for eyes. Besides lutein, peas are also rich in vitamin A, which is very beneficial for vision. Lutein protects the eyes at the cellular level, while vitamin A maintains the normal state of the surface of the eyeball. Therefore, people of advanced age are advised to regularly eat peas, as it can significantly slow vision loss.
4. Helps to control body weight. Peas are an excellent source of fiber and, as you know, it helps to control body weight. Dietary fiber is actively involved in the regulation of digestion, reduces appetite and increases satiety. In addition, fiber effectively lowers blood cholesterol, which is very harmful to the body.
5. Prevents the development of stomach cancer. One of the special minerals found in peas is cumestrol. This is a fairly rare type of polyphenol that prevents stomach cancer. Experts say that to prevent this disease, the body needs at least 2 milligrams of coumestrol per day (one standard serving of peas contains 10 milligrams).
6. Supports immunity. Peas are rich in vitamin C, which makes it one of the products that can strengthen the immune system. One pea pod can provide up to half the body's daily requirement for vitamin C. Bean shoots contain phytoalexins - an antioxidant that can inhibit Helicobacter pylori - a bacterium that irritates the stomach and duodenum, and also causes ulcers and even cancer of the stomach.
7. An excellent source of iron. Peas are an excellent source of iron. As you know, iron deficiency in the body can cause anemia. If the body lacks this element, then it cannot produce a sufficient number of healthy red blood cells that carry oxygen, which leads to a hemoglobin deficiency. It is also worth noting that iron helps fight fatigue and gives energy.
8. Helps digestion. Peas have a beneficial effect on the digestive system. The high fiber content in the pods helps maintain the proper functioning of the digestion. Dietary fiber helps the intestines remove toxins from the body.
9. Bone health. Peas contain vitamin K, which is very important for maintaining healthy and strong bones. One standard serving of peas provides up to 50% of the daily allowance for vitamin K, which a person needs because he is responsible for retaining calcium in the bones. Calcium is the main element that supports strength and bone health. The more it is, the better the condition of the bones and the less likely that the disease will affect them.
10. Anti-inflammatory properties. The antioxidants contained in peas are able to relieve inflammation and its effects. Peas contain flavonoids, carotenoids, phenolic acids and polyphenols, which have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Inflammation is the main cause of diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis and even cancer, so regular use of peas will help to avoid their occurrence.
11. Improves the functional properties of the brain. Peas are very important for the proper functioning of the brain. With age, its functions deteriorate, which leads to memory loss and an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. Regular use of peas limits the damage to brain neurons. It protects against age-related brain dysfunction.
12. Lowers bad cholesterol. Peas are rich in niacin, which reduces the production of triglycerides and VLDL (very low density lipoproteins). As a result, HDL cholesterol (good) rises and bad cholesterol decreases.
1. Peas are good for the skin. It contains vitamin C, which plays an important role in the production of collagen, which is able to make the skin supple, and will also give it a healthy appearance. The antioxidants found in peas help fight oxidative stress caused by large amounts of free radicals. Antioxidants such as flavonoids, catechin, epicatechin, carotenoid and alpha-carotene also help prevent signs of aging.
2. Useful for hair. The supply of vital nutrients to the hair follicles is essential for optimal hair growth and health. Peas are an excellent source of nutrients that provide these processes. As mentioned earlier, it contains B vitamins, such as folates, vitamins B6 and B12. They help in creating red blood cells that carry oxygen and nutrients to all body cells, including the scalp, follicles, and hair roots. Deficiency of these vitamins can lead to hair loss, slow growth or weakening of hair. Vitamin C is an important mineral, as it is involved in the formation of collagen, which is necessary for hair follicles for optimal growth. Even a slight deficiency of this vitamin can lead to dry and brittle hair.
1. Peas are good for men's health. He is able to increase sperm count and motility. Glycodelin - a substance found in peas - affects sperm, improving their ability to fertilize an egg.
2. Peas are a source of protein. The most valuable protein is vegetable, which is found in the seeds of beans. Pea is also a source of protein, it contains a lot of lysine and threonine, as well as essential amino acids. Protein will help maintain muscle tone, as well as build muscle. Also, peas are recommended to be included in the diet of vegans and vegetarians.
Green peas are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals and fiber. It has been discovered that it is rich in vitamins A, B1, B6, K and C. Peas are also rich in minerals such as magnesium, potassium, iron and phosphorus. It also contains fiber, proteins, carbohydrates, niacin and folates. It is a recommended dietary product for children.
You can start feeding your child more solid foods from the age of six months. However, giving him peas is still quite early, because its side effects can cause discomfort in the digestive tract. Experts recommend including peas in the baby's diet when he reaches eight months of age.
Here are some properties of peas that have a beneficial effect on the children's body:
• helps strengthen immunity;
• reduces homocysteine levels, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease;
• helps to get rid of constipation, improving digestion;
• leads to better bone health.
Dried peas contain a variety of vitamins and minerals. 100 g of dried peas contains:
• 75 mcg of molybdenum (more than 100% of the recommended daily intake);
• 0.4 mg of manganese (20% of the recommended daily dose);
• 0.35 mg of copper (20% of the recommended daily dose);
• 65 mcg of folate (15% of the recommended daily intake);
• 0.2 mg of vitamin B1 (15% of the recommended daily dose).
It is worth noting that the molybdenum contained in peas is one of the vital trace elements. It inhibits the development of bacteria and can also prevent tooth decay.
But no matter how healthy the dried beans are, they also have side effects. For example, flatulence may occur after their use. Bloating occurs because the beans contain a large amount of indigestible sugars, which are destroyed by bacteria in the colon, which leads to excessive gas formation.
The benefits and harms of canned peas
Canned peas have undeniable valuable properties. Pea juice is considered especially beneficial. There is a popular belief that peas should not be consumed by people who are trying to lose weight, arguing that beans are rich in carbohydrates. But in fact, the opposite is true: beans are very useful for a low-calorie diet, because peas, especially canned peas, have a great taste and practically do not contain fat.
But canned peas have some disadvantages.
1. Sugars, which are an enhancer of taste, can be quite harmful to the human body.
2. Also very often some preservatives are added, which can also negatively affect health.
Sprouted peas have a large number of beneficial properties. The first thing that can be distinguished is that it is able to support the immune system. The high nutrient content makes it a prophylactic and helps the body to be more resistant to disease.
Sprouted peas also contain many antioxidants that help maintain both the external and internal youth of the body. It is worth noting that the degree of benefit of this product depends on the amount of beans consumed. If you observe the limits of what is permitted, then peas will not bring any harm. Nutritionists recommend using beans on a regular basis, since peas are just a storehouse of nutrients.
In addition to useful properties, sprouted peas have contraindications. Nutritionists forbid it to people who suffer from diseases of the digestive system, since beans can cause excessive gas formation.
Peas are rich in dietary fiber, as well as vitamins and proteins necessary for a healthy diet. It is an ideal product for losing weight, because it is an excellent source of fiber and vitamins.
The benefits of peas for weight loss:
1. Peas are rich in insoluble dietary fiber. In the human body, the fibers are destroyed, digested and cause a feeling of satiety. If a person feels full, then his attention does not focus on the need to eat something.
2. Peas are an excellent source of protein. 100 grams of this bean contains about 5 grams of protein.
3. Low fat content. Low-fat legumes can be used both for cooking diet foods and as a snack between meals. This will not affect weight.
What about canned peas? It has some differences from fresh. As a rule, after the canning procedure, the utility level is significantly reduced. Canned peas contain a large amount of salt, and, as you know, it can retain fluid and slow down the process of weight loss. However, canned peas are not strictly prohibited for people who are trying to lose weight, but are not recommended for use during the diet.
Peas have been used in the field of cosmetology for millennia. Even the early Egyptians, Greeks and Romans noticed its extraordinary properties. The content of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants in peas has contributed to its active use in the cosmetics industry.
Pea shows itself perfectly as the main ingredient in moisturizing face creams and body balms. Pea-based cosmetics are especially valuable for people living in dry climates. Peas can provide the skin with a significant amount of sugars, which increase the level of hydration. Due to this, the loss of water from tissues is reduced. It has anti-inflammatory properties, which is also very beneficial for dry skin. Often it is used for the manufacture of all kinds of masks. Face masks can help get rid of rashes and reduce swelling.
Beans contain trace elements: iron, potassium, magnesium and calcium, which have a beneficial effect on the skin, which leads to an increase in its elasticity. Peas contain antioxidants, such as vitamins E and C, which prevent aging of the skin. Vitamin E speeds up the healing process of small wounds. In turn, the vitamin B1 present in it creates a gentle protective film on the skin, reducing the level of harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation, wind and low temperatures. Peas also contain ingredients that counteract the negative effects of enzymes on the skin - collagenosis. These enzymes cause the breakdown of key cellular proteins.
Despite the fact that peas contain a large number of useful substances, before use, you should pay attention to its harmful properties and contraindications.
A certain category of people may suffer from intolerance to beans, because some of them, including peas, contain anti-nutrients, which, as a rule, interfere with the digestion process and may interfere with the absorption of minerals. Although these side effects are quite rare, you still need to know about them. Most often, such reactions occur in people who rely on legumes as a staple food. If you eat peas in moderation, there will be no problems with this product.
It is worth noting that excessive consumption of beans can lead to leaching of calcium from the body. As a result, this can affect the health of bones and joints, since a lack of calcium can weaken the strength of the bones. Also, excessive consumption of peas can contribute to the accumulation of uric acid. Over time, excessive acid buildup can trigger gout. Before including beans in your diet, it is recommended to consult a doctor, since this product can adversely affect the body.
Peas are not recommended for use by people who have a very sensitive stomach, suffer from reflux or peptic ulcer. People with acute jade, gout, increased blood clotting and with thrombophlebitis are also forbidden to include peas in their diet.
1. Pea is a plant whose life cycle is only one year.
2. Green peas were once very popular in North America. Thomas Jefferson, a participant in the first American revolution, cultivated about 30 peas in his estate.
3. The earliest archaeological finds of peas date from the late Neolithic period. The remains of this culture were discovered on the territory of modern Greece, Syria, Turkey and Jordan.
4. Peas were grown in Georgia for 5 thousand years BC. It was also cultivated in Afghanistan in 2000 BC. e., in Pakistan and in the north-west of India in 2250 BC. e.
5. In the first century AD, Lucius Junius Moderat Columella wrote about how Roman legionnaires collected wild peas from the sandy soils of Numidia and Judea to supplement their diet.
6. In the Middle Ages, field peas were very popular, as it was the main product that restrained hunger.
7. Evidence indicates that people ate peas even during the Bronze Age.
8. There are a huge number of pea varieties that can be grown in the northern latitudes, and this will not affect the crop in any way.
9. Some types of peas have edible pods. However, in most varieties they are inedible, so they are usually removed before use.
10. Peas quickly lose their sweet taste after harvesting. That is why it should be eaten immediately after removing the pods.
11. Gregor Mendel is the father of modern genetics. He discovered the basic laws of inheritance in the XIX century by crossing peas of different colors, sizes and types of beans.
12. The first time peas were frozen in the 1920s.
13. There are etiquette rules that must be followed when eating peas. Based on them, before using the beans, you need to crush them with the back of the fork.
14. In the diet of German soldiers until the end of World War II, there was such a product as pea sausage. It was made from meat juice and lard with the addition of pea flour.